Debian 10

Download the Debian 10.12.0 ISO from here

Open the 10.12.0-live+nonfree directory, amd64 directory, iso-hybrid directory and download the iso with the desktop environment of your choice. I prefer Mate.

Burn the ISO to the removable device then boot the PC with the removable device and select Graphical Install or Install.

Burning ISO

Open a terminal (Ctrl Alt t) and check what devices are installed before plugging in the SD card or USB stick.

sudo fdisk -l
Debian 10 Fdisk

Plug in the SD card or USB stick and run fdisk again to find out the location of the SD card or USB stick.

sudo fdisk -l
Debian 10 Fdisk

In my case you can see the Micro SD card is /dev/sda

Open a terminal in the directory where the ISO file is and list the files and get the path using the following

cd Downloads
ls -1
Debian 10 Burn 1

Now burn the ISO to the SD card or USB stick using dd, the status works on Debian 9 and newer.

sudo dd if=full/path/to/iso/file of=/dev/sdf status=progress
sudo dd if=/home/john/Downloads/debian-live-10.12.0-amd64-mate+nonfree.iso of=/dev/sda bs=4096 status=progress
Debian 10 Burn 2

When dd is done you get this

Debian 10 Burn 3

Boot up to the SD card or USB stick and select Graphical Install.

DO NOT enter a root password, just pass it by. If you do you can’t use the sudo command to do root things.

After booting up open a terminal (Ctrl Alt t) and update everything

sudo apt update
sudo apt dist-upgrade
sudo apt autoremove
sudo apt clean

To blank a SD card

sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda bs=8192 status=progress

Debian 10 Tweaks